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发布: 2016-04-05 |  作者: admin |  浏览:

 以下是精品学习网为您推荐的初一英语教案Mainly revision,希望本篇文章对您学习有所帮助。

Mainly revision

【学习目标】

一、词汇

1. 语音

[w] wear, where

[tu:] too, to

[] there, their

[rait] right, write

[nu] no, know

[mi:t] meat, meet

2、单词短语

music, boat, lake, into, worried, save, ticket, learn, meeting, bring, foreign, each, difficult, New York, learn …from …,each other, have a meeting

二、交际用语

Can I get you something to drink?

What would you like?

Could I have a glass of orange juice?

I like Chinese tea.

I have some fruit for breakfast, too.

Where are you from?

From Beijing.

What's your telephone number in New York?

How big is it?

Don't worry.

三. 语法

(1) 现在进行时的用法。

(2) 反义词的归纳

【知识点讲解】

1 Can I get you something to drink?我给你拿点喝的东西好吗?

Can I get you sth.= Can I get sth. for you

1)something to drink 意思是"一些喝的东西",something是复合不定式,to drink是动词不定式做定语,修饰something等名词,这时的动词不定式要后置。如:

I have a lot of work to do today. 我今天有很多工作要做。

2)get意为"拿",若表示给某人拿某物时用get sb. sth .get后面可以带两个宾语(即双宾结构),一个指人,另一个指物。如果将指物的宾语放前,指人的宾语前应加介词"to",例如:

Please get me something to eat.

请给我弄些吃的(食物)。

Mother gets some pieces of bread to me.

妈妈给我拿了几片面包。

2、----Could I have a glass of orange juice?我喝一杯桔汁好吗?/我能喝杯桔汁吗?

----Sure. 当然可以。

1)这里的Could I have…?相当于I'd like to have…。动词have在这儿表示"吃,喝"。如果是在商店里, Could I have ... ? 是顾客告诉营业员想要买什么东西时的常用语。例如:

-Could I have some meat? 有肉吗?

-Sorry, we don't have any today. 对不起,今天没有了。

向某人借东西时也可以说 Could I have your…?have在这儿表示"借用"。例如:

Could I have your bike for a day ?

我能借你的自行车用一天吗?

2)这里的sure相当于我们非常熟悉的Certainly。有关sure的用法还有:

A、 be sure of sb/sth 对某人/ 某事有信心,有把握。如:

I'm sure of that. 我对那事很有信心。

B、 be sure to do sth 一定做……,肯定做……如:

She is sure to come to my birthday party. 她一定能来参加我的生日晚会。

C、 be sure +that + 句子,相信……如:

We're sure that he can win that game. 我们都相信他能赢得那场比赛。

D、 I'm not sure. 我不能肯定。这里的sure表示"确信、肯定"的意思,在句子中做表语。

3、I have some meat, three or four eggs and some pieces of bread.

我要了一些肉,三四个鸡蛋和几块面包。

1)不可数名词的计量方法

不可数名词没有复数形式,如本句中的meat和bread,也不能跟数词连用。它可以用表示计量的名词短语一起使用。例如:

a cup of tea  一杯茶

a glass of water  一杯水

two bottles of orange  两瓶桔汁

可数名词也可以这样表示。注意它们的复数形式:

?a box of cakes     一盒蛋糕 (表示一盒子里有好几块蛋糕。)

?three baskets of apples 三筐苹果 (一个筐里不能只有一个苹果)

2) Or 这里是连接词,连接几个词语。Or的用法总结如下:

A、表示"……之一",如:

Which is the biggest, the sun, the moon or the earth?

太阳、月亮和地球哪个最大?

B、表示"大约",如:

four or five oranges 四五个桔子。

C、表示"否则",如:

You must do it carefully, or you'll make a mistake. 你必须认真做,否则你就会出错。

D、否定句中的并列连词要用or而不用and。如:

He doesn't drink or smoke.?

4、All the other children in the class are Chinese.教室里所有其他的孩子都是中国人。

They are all Young Pioneers! 他们都是少先队员!

(1)①"all (of)+复数名词/表示复数的代词"表示一群人或事物的全部,名词前应该用the these, those , my, our等限定词修饰。All表示的是复数,做主语时,谓语动词应该用复数形式。如:

All of them are right. 他们全是对的。

② all作形容词时意为"全部的,所有的",可以用来修饰可数名词和不可数名词,修饰可数名词时,带the, these等表示所指的是特定的人或事物。例如:

All the students have bikes. 所有的学生都有自行车。

All these books are mine. 这些书全部都是我的。

③all修饰不可数名词时若带有the 则表示所谈的是特定的事物。例如:

Mother does all the housework. 妈妈每天做全部的家务活。

Can you drink all the orange juice in the big bottle?

你能把那个大瓶子里的桔汁全部喝光吗?

(2)①other作形容词时没有复数形式,且作为泛指讲时没有定冠词,如:

Ask some other people.

②The other为特指,可在句中作主语、宾语或定语,如:

Now let me show you the other. (宾语)

He has two sons. One is a worker, the other is a teacher. (主语)

(3)all应放在助动词、连系动词及情态动词之后,但放在行为动词之前。

例如:

They can all sing many songs. 他们都能唱很多歌。

You are all right. 你们都对了。

They all like English. 他们都喜欢英语。

5、Do you like any ball games, sir? 先生,你喜欢球类运动吗?

like是动词,其用法小结如下:

(1)like做动词时,意为"喜欢",后接名词或代词。例如:

I like bananas, and John likes oranges. 我喜欢香蕉,约翰喜欢橘子。

(2)like表示"喜欢"时,后接动名词或动词不定式,表示"喜欢做某事"。例如:

I like singing. 我喜欢唱歌。

like doing sth. 与like to do sth. 意思相同,但用法有区别。前者强调一般性的爱好或者表示动作的习惯性和经常性;后来表示一次性和偶然性的动作。

例如:

He likes playing football, but he doesn't like to play football with Li Ming.

他喜欢踢足球,但是他不喜欢和李明踢。

(3)表示询问对方对某事物的印象时,用How do you like ... ? 意思是"你以为……怎么样?"例如:

How do you like the TV play? 你觉得这部电视剧怎么样?

(4)在表示询问对方喜欢某事物的哪一方面时,可以用What do you like about ... ? 意思是"你喜欢……的什么?"例如:

-What do you like about the school? 你喜欢这所学校的什么?

-The teachers. 老师们。

(5)would与like连用,后接名词或动词不定式,表?quot;想要"。例如:

-What would you like? 你想要什么?

-I'd like a cup of tea. 我想要杯茶。

(6)like还可用做介词,意为"像……"。例如:

Mary is like her mother. 玛丽像她的妈妈.

6、Where are you from? 你来自哪儿?

Where be+sb. +from?表示对某人来自和出的询问

be from 意为"从……来","是……人",和come from同意。故上句可改写成:

Where do you come from?

7、One of them is English. 他们中的一个是英国人。

one of... 意为"……之一",后跟复数名词或者表示复数概念的人称代词宾格,表示某些人或事物中的一个。如果是名词,该名词前必须用限定词the, these, those, my, our等修饰,表示特定范围中的一个。如:

One of them is our headmaster. 他们当中的一个是我们的校长。

One of the boys is English. 其中一个男孩是英国人。

【语 法】

1、现在进行时

(1)现在进行时的疑问句和否定句形式:

动词形式 Am/ Is / Are+动词-ing

疑问句 Am/ Is / Are +主语+动词-ing

否定句 主语+Am/ Is / Are +not+动词-ing

(2)现在进行时态所表示的是现在或目前正在发生的动作。不说明此动作什么时候开始,什么时候结束。

例如:

She is opening the door. 她正在开门

We are working on a form this week. 这礼拜我们在农场干活。

(3)现在进行时有时可表示在最近按计划或安排要进行的动作,这时句子中的时间短语一般是表示将来的时间短语。(主要用于go, come, stay, leave, start, arrive等动词)

例如:

We are going to Beijing next week. 下星期我们要去北京。

He is leaving home early tomorrow morning. 明天早晨,他将早些离开家

2、反义词的归纳

通过反义词的运用,不但可使句子色彩鲜明、富于感染力,而且还是记忆单词、扩展单词的好方法

(1) 名词或代词类

this-that these-those father-mother dad-mum man-woman

(2) 形容词类:

heavy-light early-late new-old young-old same-different white-black right-wrong big-small good-bad fast-slow open-closed cheap-dear

(3) 副词类

no-yes here-there far-near early-late

(4) 动词类

stand up-sit down come-go get up- go to bed put on-take off buy-sell borrow-lend close-open find-lose

(5) 介词类

in-put into-out of behind-in front of up-down before-after

习题检测

句子改错

从A、B、C、D中找出一处错误。

1. Can you give one of books to me?

A B C D

2. The bedroom is Lucy's and Lily's.

A B C D

3. Whose is the trousers?

A B C D

4. My sister is doing one's homework.

A B C D

5. Their name are Lily and Lucy.

A B C D

阅读理解

根据对话内容,判断下列各句正(T)误(F)。

Huimin: Excuse me, Xiaoling, could you help me, please?

Xiaoling: All right. I'm coming. What can I do for you?

Huimin: I want to do my homework here. But there is a big box on my desk.

I want you to help me take it down and put it under the bed.

Xiaoling: Certainly. Oh, dear! It's very heavy. What's in it?

Huimin: Some bottles, I think.

Xiaoling: What's in the bottles?

Huimin: Orange, I guess.

Xiaoling: Is there anything nice to eat?

Huimin: Sorry! I don't know. Let's open it and see.

Xiaoling: Ah! It's full of bottles and bags-bags of cakes.

( )1. Huimin wants some help.

( )2. The box under the desk is very heavy.

( )3. There are some oranges in the box.

( )4. There isn't anything to eat in the box.

( )5. There is something to drink in the box.

句子改错:

1.D.one of后跟名词复数时,该名词前要用限定词修饰,应改为the books。

2.B.从句子的主语是单数来看,这间卧室是两个人所共有的。应将Lucy's改为Lucy。

3.B.句中的主语是the trousers,谓语动词应该用复数形式。应改为are。

4.C.指代主语my sister的作业。应改为her。

5.A.name的修饰词是their,意为"他们的名字",因此name要用复数形式。应改为names。

阅读理解:

1.从第一句"Xiaoling, could you help me, please?"得知,Huiming需要帮助。应该填T。

2.从"there is a big box on my desk"和"It's very heavy."判断。应该填F。

3.从两人的对话中得知,盒子里装的是橘子汁的瓶子,而不是橘子。应该填F。

4.从"It's full of bottles and bags-bags of cakes."可以得知,盒子里有蛋糕。应该填F。

5.从对话"-What's in the bottles?-Orange, I guess."中看出,盒子里有喝的东西。应该填T。

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