你的位置:主页 > 教学计划 > 内容 在线投稿

Do you have an eraser

发布: 2016-03-31 |  作者: admin |  浏览:

 以下是精品学习网为您推荐的初一英语教案Do you have an eraser,希望本篇文章对您学习有所帮助。

Do you have an eraser

【学习目标】

一、语音

y [j] yes yours young

ay[ei] say play away

y [ai] fly bye try

ey[ei] they hey grey

y [i] body only easy

oy[Ri] boy toy

二、词汇

1、单词

shop, closed, day, Friday, early, supermarket, Wednesday, may, borrow, from, Thursday week, Monday, Saturday, Sunday, hey, dictionary, back, tomorrow, CD, lot, evening, model, park, rest, maths / math, all, hard, fun, yeah, take, use, straight, wheel, into,

2、词组

from…to… 从……到……

go to shop 去商店

give … a hand 给予(某人)帮助

give sth. back 把某物还回

after class 课后/放学后

help … with 帮助……做

have a (good) rest (好好)休息一下

at this time of day 每天的这个时候

work hard 努力工作

三、日常用语

1.Do you have a dictionary / any dictionaries?

Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.

2.We / They have some CDs.

We / They don’t have any CD

3.What day is it today / tomorrow?

It’s Monday.

4.May I borrow your colour pens, please?

Certainly. Here you are.

5.Please give it / them back tomorrow.

OK.

四、语法

1: have的用法

2: some和any的用法

【知识点讲解】

1, I think the shop is closed at this time of day. 我想这个时候商店不会开的。

(1)I think意为“我想,我认为”,它后面是一个宾语从句。(引导宾语从句的引导词that可以省掉),例如:I think Mike is at home. 我想迈克在家。I can't think of their names. 我想不起他们的名字

(2)closed是形容词,意为“关闭的”,反义词是open。close用做动词时,意为“关闭”,例如:

The shop closes early on Friday. 星期五店门关得早。

(3)at this time of day是英语中的一个习惯表达方法,意思是“一天中的这个时候”。例如:

—What do you do at this time of day? 你每天这个时候干什么?

—I do my homework. 我做家庭作业。

2. —What day is it today? 今天星期几?

—It's Monday? 今天星期一。

表示“星期几”时,要用“what day”提问。

3,But please give it back tomorrow. 但请明天归还。

give sth.back意为“归还,还给”,如果表示归还给某人,用give sth. Back to sb.。这个词组是由“动词+副词”构成的短语动词,其宾语是名词时,要将名词放在副词之前或之后;如果宾语是人称代词时,则要将其置于动词和副词之间。例如:

You must give my bike back to me tomorrow morning. 你必须在明天早上把自行车还给我。

You must give it back to me tomorrow morning. 你必须在明天早上把它还给我。

Can I borrow your pen? Yes. But please give it back soon. 把你的钢笔借给我好吗?可以,但请早点还回来。

如果表示归还给某人,应该用give sth. Back to sb.

4,May I speak to Uncle John, please? 请找约翰叔叔接电话?

这是打电话用语。表示“找某人接电话”时用:Hello. May/Could/Can I speak to ... ? 或I'd like to speak to ... 如果接电话的人就是对方要找的人,回答语应是:Speaking.,意为“我就是”。,完整的句子是:It's/This is Sam (speaking) here (我是萨姆)。例如:

—May I speak to Mary, please? 请找玛丽接电话?

—This is Mary speaking. 我是玛丽。

如果对方找的人不在场,接电话的人可以说Hold on, please. “请稍等”。或“别挂断”。如果是对方要找的人根本没在家,可以说Sorry, he / she isn’t in at the moment.“对不起,此刻他不在家。”等。

5,There's something wrong with my computer. 我的计算机有毛病了。

There's something wrong with sb. / sth. 是一个常用句型,表示“某物出了……毛病”或“某人出了……差错麻烦”等。一般都用there be 的单数形式,(there is 或there’s…)。其问句是What's wrong with ... ? 或Is there anything wrong with ... ? 例如:

There's something wrong with my bike. 我的自行车有毛病了。

What's wrong with you? 你怎么了?

6. How about Friday evening? 星期五怎么样?

How about ... ? 用于征求意见或询问消息,意为“……怎么样?”与What about ... ? 句型的用法相同。例如:

What about this green sweater? 这件绿色的毛衣怎么样?

How about playing football?踢足球去怎么样?

7. On Monday and Wednesday, he helps his friends with their English. 在星期一和星期三,他帮助他的朋友学习英语。

句中的help... with... 意为“帮助某人做某事”,相当于help sb (to) do sth 。动词help要和主语保持一致(加s),help是及物动词,后面可接人称代词的宾格形式或表示人的名词,with后接表示事物的名词。例如:

Could you come and help me mend it? 你能来帮我修理一下吗?

【语 法】

1, have的用法

—Do you have an eraser? 你有橡皮吗?

—Sorry, I don't have one. 对不起,我没有。

(1)谓语动词have意为“有,拥有”,在句中有两种形式:have和has。在单数第三人称做主语时,用has,其余人称均用have。例如:

He has an apple. 他有一个苹果。

They have some CDs. 他们有一些激光唱片。

I have a big room。 我有一个大房间。

(2)动词have(有)的疑问式和否定式有如下两种构成方式,美国人用第一种方式,既在句首加助动词Do或Does,句中的谓语动词一律用have。英国人人用第二种方式(现在人们已逐渐习惯用第一种方式)。例如:

第一种疑问式:Do you have a good friend?

Does have a good friend?

否定式:I don't have a good friend.

第二种疑问式:Have you a bike?

Has he a bike?

否定式:I haven't a bike.

He hasn't a bike.

注意:当have意为“吃饭”(have breakfast),“举行”(have a meeting)或者进行野餐(have a picnic)时,它被看做行为动词,其疑问式和否定式构成与实意动词相同,即用助动词do或does来变为疑问句或否定句。

2, some和any的用法

① some一般用于肯定句,any用于否定句和疑问句,some和any都可修饰可数名词和不可数名词。例如:

I think he has some. 我想他有一些。

I want to get some books. 我想得到一些书。

I want some help. 我想得到一些帮助。

My brother has some new pencils. 我弟弟有几支新铅笔。

Excuse me, do you have any glasses? 打拢了,你有玻璃杯吗?

②但是some除了用于肯定句外,也可用在疑问句中。

a.表示邀请、请求或要求。例如:

Would you like some bottles of orange? 你想要几瓶橘汁吗?

Could I have some bottles of milk, please? 请给我几瓶牛奶。

b.表示问话人希望对方作出肯定的回答。例如:

May I hve some milk, Mum? 妈妈,我可以喝些牛奶吗?

Do you want to buy some food for supper? 你要买些食品做晚饭吗?

c.在否定疑问句中,表示问话人对否定情况的怀疑或惊讶,有时也表示问话人的肯定倾向。例如:

Aren't there some apples on the table? 桌上不是有几个苹果吗?

Can't you see some birds in the picture? 难道你看不见面上有几只鸟吗?

【练习检测】

单项选择

1. —May I use your pen?

—__________.

A. Yes, you may B. OK, give you

C. No, you can't D. Certainly, here you are.

2. “Thank you for the present.” “____________”

A. I'm new here. B. Not at all.

C. I'm not sure. D. It's easy.

3. —What day is it today?

—__________.

A. It's Wednesday B. It's eight o'clock

C. It's December D. It's cloudy

4. —__________?

—This is Mr Smith speaking now.

A. Who are you B. Who's that

C. Who are you calling D. What do you want to say

改错

下面各句都有一处错误,请找出并改正。

1. I want to go and play football with my friends on this morning. ( )

2. —What are you doing?

—I'm wearing black trousers. ( )

3. Here your book is. ( )

4. Lucy doesn't has an eraser. ( )

5. Let's to stay at home and watch the TV play. ( )

6. What about play football? ( )

阅读理解

Look at the clothes line in the twins' bedroom. There are some clothes on it. You can see a green blouse and a yellow skirt. The trousers on the clothes line are black. They are not new but clean. Are they Lily's clothes? No. I know they are Lucy's. Lily's clothes are on a clothes tree near the window. Her trousers are brown, her blouse is white and her skirt is blue. There is a new hat on the clothes tree, but it's not Lily's, it's Lucy's. There is an old hat on Lucy's bed in the room, it's Lily's. There are no clothes on the other bed, the bed is Lily's.

1. What can you see in the bedroom? I can see __________.

A. a clothes line B. a tree C. a bed

2. What colour are Lucy's trousers? They are ________.

A. green B. black C. brown

3. Where is Lucy's hat? It's on _________.

A. the clothes tree B. the clothes line C. lily's bed

4. How many beds are there in the room? ________.

A. only one B. three C. two

5. Are there any things on Lily's bed? ________.

A. Yes, there is a hat on it

B. No, there is not anything on it

C. Sorry, I don't know

答案及讲解

单项选择

1.D.在别人表示请求时,一般不用“Yes, you may.”而要用表示委婉客气的用语。

2.B.Not at all意为“不用谢”,用于表示感谢时的应答语。

3.A.What day用于问“星期几?”,A中的Wednesday是“星期三”;B表示时刻,意为“8点”;C是月份;D是“阴天”。

4.B.在打电话量,询问对方是哪一位要用Who's that?回答用This is ... 。

改错

1.表示在某一天时用介词on,如on Sunday(在星期日);但表示在某一天早上/下午/晚上时,应去掉on。

2.从语境看,答语表示正在穿裤子,wear表示穿的状态,put on则表示穿的动作。应将wearing改为putting on。

3.以here, there开头的句子,当主语是代词时,动词要放在主语之后;当主语是名词时,动词要放在主语之前。应将该句改为Here is your book。

4.has只用于主语是单数第三人称的肯定句,其否定句和疑问句在加does或doesn't之后,将动词has还原have。应将has改为have。

5.以let's开头的祈使句,后跟动词原形。应将to stay改为stay。

6.What about ... ? 常用来征求对方的意见或者询问某人对某事物的看法,后面常接名词、代词或动词的-ing形式,但不能接动词原形。所以应该将play改为playing。

阅读理解

1.从第一句“Look at the clothes line in the twins' bedroom.”可以看出,应选A。

2.从“The trousers on the clothes line are black.”和后面的“Are they Lily's clothes? No. I know they are Lucy's.” 判断,应选B。

3.从“There is a new hat on the clothes tree, but it's not Lily's, it's Lucy's.”可以断定,应该选A。

4.整篇文章都谈的是双胞胎Lily和Lucy的房间里的东西,通读全文得知,房间里有两张床。应该选C。

5.从本文最后一句来看,应该选B。

相关推荐:

七年级英语上册unit6单元复习学案 

七年级英语上册Starter Unit 5单元复习学案 

更多初一英语教案,请关注精品学习网 

分享到: 新浪微博 腾讯微博 QQ空间 QQ好友 人人网 百度贴吧 复制网址

本文标题:Do you have an eraser 原文链接:http://www.fudood.com/article/500.html

    [db:tags]  | 挑错 | 打印

    推荐内容